MIXED MARTIAL ARTS UNLIMITED PROGRAM
ABOUT MIXED MARTIAL ARTS
Mixed Martial Arts (MMA) is a full contact combat sport that allows the use of both striking and grappling techniques, both standing and on the ground, including boxing, wrestling, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, Muay Thai, Kickboxing, Judo, Wrestling and other styles.
The roots of modern mixed martial arts can be traced back to the ancient Olympic combat sport of Pankration. Various mixed style contests also took place throughout Europe, Japan and the Pacific Rim during the early 1900s. The combat sport of Vale Tudo that was developed in Brazil from the 1920s was brought to the United States by the Gracie family in 1993, with the founding of the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC), which is currently the largest MMA promotion company worldwide. Prior to the UFC, professional MMA events had also been held in Japan since 1989.
The less regulated Vale Tudo style bouts of the early UFCs were made safer with the implementation of additional rules, leading to the popular regulated form of MMA seen today. Originally promoted as a competition with the intention of finding the most effective martial art for real unarmed combat situations, competitors were pitted against one another with minimal rules. Later, fighters trained multiple martial arts into their style while promoters adopted additional rules aimed at increasing safety for competitors and to promote more mainstream acceptance of the sport.
MIXED MARTIAL ARTS AT GRACIE BARRA WESTCHASE
Mixed Martial Arts is, by definition, a sport which is a combination of multiple martial arts. So, at GBW our training program is just this; a training combination of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, Wrestling, Judo, Muay Thai and Boxing.
To be a member of our Mixed Martial Arts Unlimited Program you must obtain three stripes on your white belt in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu training (approx. 4 – 6 months) prior to being eligible to train at certain classes unique to the program (including: BJJ for MMA, NO-GI BJJ). Martial Arts Unlimited Programmembers are able to train at all classes listed on our schedule: ALL BJJ CLASSES, WRESTLING, MUAY THAI/CARDIO KICKBOXING, BOXING& BJJ FOR MMA. Some exceptions are made to this for students with prior experience etc., but we use this as a general guideline for this program.
If you are not a third stripe white belt, we have different program levels that will fit your needs and level of experience to get you there! Our Muay Thai/Cardio Kickboxing, Wrestling and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Programs are taught for all levels and you may enjoy any one or multiple programs as a beginner.
THE EVOLUTION OF MIXED MARTIAL ARTS
The roots of modern mixed martial arts can be traced back to the ancient Olympic combat sport of Pankration. The word pankration is a combination of two Greek words, pan, meaning “all,” and kratos, meaning “powers.” This is an accurate depiction of the sport itself, as it was a potent mixture of boxing and wrestling. The matches took place in an arena, or “ring”, which the Greeks hoped would encourage close-quarter combat. Common techniques included punches, joint locks, choke holds, elbow and knee strikes, and kicks. Kicks to the legs, groin and stomach were quite commonly used. Standing strikes such as these were common, though the overwhelming majority of bouts were settled on the ground, where submission holds and strikes were both used. Competitors were renowned for their grappling skills, and would employ a variety of grappling techniques often to great effect.
Ancient Greek pankratiasts became heroes, and the subject of numerous myths and legends. Alexander the Great sought out pankratiasts as soldiers because of their legendary skills at unarmed combat. When he invaded India in 326 B.C.E., he had a great number of pankratiasts serving with him. This is believed to be the beginning of Asian martial arts, as most Asian martial arts trace their history to India at around this time.
Following the decline of pankration in Greece, which coincided with the rise of the Roman Empire, mixed martial arts fell by the wayside in favor of other combat sports. Sports such as wrestling and boxing became the dominant forms of combat sport in the West, while traditional martial arts swelled in popularity in Asia. This remained the case for centuries until 1925 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, when the sport of mixed martial arts experienced a revival.
In order to fully understand the reemergence of mixed martial arts, it is necessary to take a brief look at the history of the Gracie family of Brazil. In 1801, George Gracie immigrated to Brazil from Scotland, and settled in the Para province of northeastern Brazil. His family grew and flourished, and in the early 1900s, a Japanese man named Mitsuyo Maeda immigrated to the same area. The Japanese government had plans to establish a colony in the area, and Maeda was a representative of the Japanese government. He quickly became close friends with Gastão Gracie, a political figure in the area, and grandson of George Gracie. Gastão used his power and influence to assist Maeda and his agenda of establishing a Japanese colony.
Maeda was also famous for another reason, he had been a renowned champion of the Japanese martial art of Japanese style Jiu-Jitsu. Maeda, or Count Koma, as he was known in Japan, offered to teach Gastão’s son the art. Maeda trained Gustão’s son, Carlos, from the time Carlos was 15 until he was 21, when Maeda returned to Japan. Carlos then began to teach his brothers, Helio, Jorge, Osvaldo and Gastão, Jr. the art as Maeda taught it to him. The Gracie brothers were not bound by the tradition that Japanese practitioners of the art so rigidly upheld, rather the brothers began to adapt the art to suit themselves, and to make it more practical. It was in 1925 that Carlos took his brother Helio to Rio de Janeiro, where they opened a jiu-jitsu academy.
As Carlos andHelio continued to advance and perfect their art in their new academy, Carlos came up with a brilliant marketing scheme to draw attention to the fledgling academy. He issued what is now famously known as the Gracie Challenge. As he explained, “I had to do something to shock the people.” He began the Gracie Challenge by taking out an advertisement in several Rio newspapers. The advertisement, which included a picture of the slight Carlos Gracie, information on the academy, and stated “If you want a broken arm, or rib, contact Carlos Gracie at this number.”
This effectively began the revival of professional mixed martial arts in the Western world, as Carlos, and later his younger brother Helio, and their sons, would take on anyone in vale-tudo matches. These matches closely resembled the Pankration matches of Ancient Greece, and were participated in by representatives of area karate schools, professional boxers, capoeira champions, and various others that wanted to prove that they were better than the Gracies.
As word of this spread through Rio de Janeiro, the public craved these matches. As a result, these matches began to be held in Brazil’s large soccer stadiums, and attracted record crowds. The first of these professional fights was between Brazilian Lightweight Boxing Champion, Antonio Portugal and Carlos’ younger, smaller brother Helio who won the match in less than 30 seconds.
As word of these matches spread to Japan, the great martial arts champions of Japan sought to participate in this new form of competition against the Gracies, who the Japanese thought were defiling their traditional arts. Japanese champions flocked to Rio de Janeiro to battle with Helio Gracie, who was always outweighed by his opponents, often by more than 100 pounds. He defeated many great Japanese fighters, and in a trip to the United States, Helio defeated the World Freestyle Wrestling Champion, American super heavyweight Fred Ebert. One-hundred-thirty-five pound Helio continued to defend the Gracie name and their martial art from 1935 until 1951, fighting over 1000 fights, until Carlos’ son, Carlson, and later Helio’s sons Rolls, Rickson and Rorion took over the role of family champion in upholding the “Gracie Challenge.”
The new combat sport of vale-tudo fighting became immensely popular, quickly rising to become the second most popular sport, in terms of ticket sales, in Brazil behind soccer. Leagues and organizations were soon formed and events began to be held regularly all over Brazil. As these events, and Brazilian jiu-jitsu grew in popularity in Brazil, the Gracies branched out to the United States.
In the early 1980s, Helio’s oldest son Rorion, came to the United States to teach Brazilian, or Gracie jiu-jitsu as he preferred to call it, in California. Like his father and uncle before him, he issued the infamous “Gracie Challenge” in his new home, but added a new twist. Rorion offered $100,000 to anyone who could defeat him, or one of his brothers, in a vale-tudo match. These matches again brought Brazilian jiu-jitsu much popularity. As Rorion realized the potential this style of fighting offered to spread his family’s art, he sought to create an organization that would promote this sort of fighting in the United States.
Ultimate Fighting Championship (or UFC as it is more commonly known), held its first event in 1993 and sold 86,000 pay-per-view buys, and by the third event, the buy rate was up to 300,000 pay-per-view buys per show. This secured a place for the sport of mixed martial arts in the United States, but this place was not a reputable one. However, after years of work from such individuals like Dana White, today the sport is recognized and sanctioned as a home of the most professional and skilled athletes in the world, and has quickly become the fastest growing sport on the planet.